St John Ambulance - Basic first aid skills
St John Ambulance, the nation’s leading first aid charity has teamed up with Raring2go! to bring you some simple, but life saving, first aid tips – this time: the primary and secondary survey
*Use the letters DR ABC to remember the steps to perform a primary survey: Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing and Circulation.
*Check for danger – is it safe to go up to the person who needs help?
*Do they respond to you if you ask them a question? If not they may be unresponsive. Gently shake their shoulders, or if it’s a child tap their shoulder, or a baby lightly tap their foot.
*Check their airway – if they’re responsive, are they choking? If they’re unresponsive, tilt their head and lift their chin to open the airway.
*Look, listen and feel for normal breathing. If they’re not breathing normally phone 999/112 and start CPR – chest compressions and rescue breaths. Keep going until emergency help arrives and takes over.
*Check their circulation. Are there signs of severe bleeding? Control the bleeding with pressure and call 999.
*When any life-threatening conditions have been dealt with or ruled out, start to check them using the Secondary Survey.
Secondary Survey is a head-to-toe assessment to check for signs and symptoms of illness or injury.
- Check the person from head to toe, asking them questions and listening to them. Look for minor and serious injuries on their body.
- Make a note of injuries as you go and check for bleeding, swelling, dents, burns, their temperature and signs of fracture.
- Use the letters from the word AMPLE to remind you of important information to ask the casualty and pass on to the emergency services. Ask about Allergies, Medication, Previous medical history, Last meal and Event history – what has happened?
- Ask them how they feel and write down as much detail as you can. Ask them if they’re in pain and if they can describe the pain.
For first aid information, demo videos, an interactive game, and lots of free advice or for volunteering opportunities visit (www.sja.org.uk). For more information about first aid courses please call 08700 10 49 50
St John Ambulance
About St John Ambulance
St John Ambulance is the nation’s leading first aid charity.
Every year, 400,000 people learn how to save a life through our training programmes, including hundreds of thousands of young people. Our volunteers provide first aid in their communities, keeping people safe at events, and working alongside the NHS in response to 999 calls. We’re also always campaigning to raise awareness of first aid and directly educate the public.
Summer Skin Relief for Millions
More than 4m UK adults suffer from eczema and 1.26m of the population suffer from psoriasis – dry, sore skin conditions which are exacerbated by cold weather and central heating.
Gearing up for summer cycling
Summer is the perfect time to get back in the saddle out cycling with the whole family
5 ways to make fitness fun for the whole family!
Being a parent is hard work. Finsing time to keep fit and healthy seems to be a struggle, but here Sarah Philp shows us how to build it into our everyday lives!
14 Tips on how to keep your baby cool during heatwave
Lucy Shrimpton, AKA The Sleep Nanny has come up with 14 tips on how to keep your little ones cool at night during the summer
Naughty but nice Puddings!
Check out our delicious puddings, my favourite is the limoncello trifle, not suitable for the kids, but there are some other scrummy recipes that the whole family can enjoy! Take a look in our pudding section for recipes to make summer BBQ's and eating alfresco all the more tasty! My girls LOVE the chocolate pizza - making it, but mostly eating it!
Over the weekends and holidays there are always times when your children need some chill out time, or to fill an hour or so, or they say the dreaded 5 letter word - BORED! Well, our KidsZone is here to rescue you and them from these moments. Full of puzzles, colouring in sheets and activities from films and programmes there is lots to keep busy!