How to help your child learn their times tables
The pressure on children to be on top of their times tables is growing.
The new National Curriculum for maths wants students to know all their times tables by the end of Year 4.
1. Look for patterns
Times tables might feel like just a jumble of random numbers, but you can help your child to spot that they have patterns.
- Numbers in the five times table always end in five or zero
- Numbers in the six times table end in 6, 2, 8, 4, 0 and then that pattern repeats again
- If you add together the digits in numbers from the three times table, you'll get another number in the three times table. So 3 x 7 = 21, and 2 + 1 = 3. 3 x 12 =36 and 3 + 6 = 9
- That works for all multiples of three: 3 x 142 = 426, and 4 + 2 + 6 = 12, and 1 + 2 = 3. Cool, huh?
2. Connect times tables to division
It's important that children realise that multiplication and division are connected to each other - this will help them enormously when they start learning long division.
You can help with this by writing out each times table fact on a card. You would write 5 x 7 = 35 like this:
Cover up the 35 and ask "Five times seven is what?" Then cover up the five and ask "35 divided by seven is what?" or "Seven times what is 35?"
3. Celebrate success, not failure
It's demoralising for a child if they struggle with times tables and keep getting questions wrong. Instead of picking out failures, celebrate success. Keep a chart of which facts your child knows, so that they can see their knowledge continuing to grow. Children also like to beat their personal bests.
Write the numbers 1 to 12 on different cards and shuffle them. Suppose they are working on their six times tables. Get them to turn over one card at a time, and multiply the number by six. Keep doing this till they've gone through all twelve cards. Use a stopwatch on your phone to time them and record that as their best time so far - then challenge them to beat it.
Times tables hacks
1. The finger trick for the nine times table
Put your hands on your knees and number your fingers 1 to 10 from left to right. So your little finger on the left is 1, ring finger is 2, and so on all the way to your right little finger at 10. What is 4 x 9? Bend over finger number four. Now count how many fingers are to the left of the bent finger (three) and how many to the right (six). So there is your answer, three-six, thirty-six.
2. Multiplying by 11
Everyone knows the eleven times table: It's easy. But what about multiplying eleven by numbers higher than ten?
Here's the secret: Add the two digits of the other number together and put the total in the middle: So for 26 x 11 (2 + 6 = 8), the answer is 286
Try another: 61 x 11 = 671
BUT what about 48 x 11? 4 + 8 = 12, so that makes 4 12 8 - that can't be right? There's a bit of a catch to this trick. If the two digits add to ten or more, the '1' needs to be added to the first digit so 48 x 11 = 4+1 2 8 = 528
Games to try
1. Rock Paper Multiply
Times tables are something you can play with your child in any idle moment, at home or out and about. Instead of 'Rock Paper Scissors' you can play 'Rock Paper Multiply'. Instead of rock, paper or scissors, each player holds out any number of fingers between one and ten. The first of you to be able to multiply the two numbers together wins.
To make it harder: Make it a rule that the number of fingers you each hold out must be at least three.
2. Fizz Buzz
Take it in turns to count up. Whenever you come to a number in the three times table, say the word 'fizz' instead of the number. Whenever you come to a number in the five times table, say 'buzz' instead. So the game might start 'One, two, fizz, four, buzz, fizz, seven...' If a number is divisible by both three and five like 15, you have to say 'fizzbuzz'.
Make it harder: Introduce a third word, change which times tables you use or start counting from a higher number.
And remember - learn one and get one free!
Learning every combination of tables up to 12 x 12 can seem daunting. But remember, 8 x 3 is the same as 3 x 8. This means every time you learn one multiplication fact, you are learning a second one for free!
Kip McGrath Education Centres provide Maths and English tuition for children in year 1 to GCSE level.
To book your child's FREE assessment call 01722 332200 or visit our website at salisburykipmcgrath.co.uk